Zhang, Nishinippon institute of Technology, Japan
Rong Zhang is currently a professor at Faculty of Design, Nishinippon Institute of Technology, Japan. She holds a master degree in education from University of Teacher Education Fukuoka, and a doctor degree in educational engineering from Waseda University, Japan. Rong Zhang has been teaching both English and Chinese for more than twenty years in about ten universities. Her research field includes intercultural communication, foreign language acquisition and e-learning. She has been focusing on the various social issues in Japan and made suggestions from the perspective of globalization and development.
Speech Title: Migration of Foreign Workers in Japan – Progress and Challenges
Abstract: Japan has become one of the most aged society in the world due to its low birthrate. It is estimated that the population of Japan will dip below 100 million shortly after the middle of this century and by the end of the century, Japan will lose 34% of its population compared to 2015. The ratio of people aged 65 and older is expected to rise to 31.6% by 2030. Unable to staff positions from the domestic labor force, many companies have turned to the foreign labor market to fill the gap of labor shortage. However, Japan is a country which places high priority on its cultural identity and does not accept low-skilled temporary workers. Its Immigration Control Law does not issue working visas to those who are involved in low-skilled work. The intension of this is to discourage long-term settlement of foreign workers. As a result, Japanese firms have to rely on the Technical Intern Training Program (TITP). Under this program, foreigners are granted a maximum of five-year visa to undertake training and internships. The program has been criticized as simply as way to exploit foreigners, nevertheless, many Japanese companies continue to take advantage of this system to import cheap labor from abroad. Migrant workers encounter problems while adapting to the social and working environment. They have to endure long working hours, poor working conditions, pressures of deficiency in their Japanese language, different cultural backgrounds and uncertainty in their future. The migrant worker issue is one of the more challenging problems facing Japan today. It has opened its door to foreign workers and began to appear more attractive to new immigrants. More efforts are needed to embrace diversity if Japan wants to accept more migrant workers to find solutions to the social problems fostered by the lack of laborers and boost its economy.
Assoc. Prof. Robert Long, Kyushu
Institute of Technology, Japan
Robert Long has published various EFL textbooks, and written
articles on fluency, dysfluency, pragmatics, gendered
interactions, and discourse analysis. His recent papers have
focused on L2 writing, students’ views of globalization, the use
of authentic languge vs. scripted language, intralingual and
interlingual errors in L2 speech, and Japanese attitudes towards
gendered interactions. He has written various EFL textbooks for
developing oral communicative skills and fluency, “Explain It:
Discussing Japanese Culture in English,” “Stepping Out into
Cross-Cultural Interactions,” “Crossing Over: Exploring Japanese
Culture and Life through English,” as well as for technical
English and children’s books, “New Aesop Fables for Childrens
Volumes 1-10,” “Inside the Chrysanthemum: New Japanese Fables,”
“The Buddha’s Journey Home: New Buddhist Fables,” and “The
Arcadian Dragon: An Aesopian Novel.” He is a professor at the
Kyushu Institute of Technology, for the Institute of Liberal
Art’s Foreign Language Department.
Speech Title: Lessons Learned: Insights from Japanese L2 Conversations
Abstract: As we are often blind to our own conversational lapses and shortcomings, the presenter will discuss the issue of dysfluency based on L2 interactions by Japanese speakers based on the JUSFC2018 corpus. The study’s first aim was to examine if the number of words and mean length runs increased with proficiency, as represented by TOEIC scores (Group 1: scores 150-370; Group 2: scores 371-570; Group 3: scores 571-770). The second aim was to compare the dialogic fluency of each group of Japanese EFL learners with that of native speakers in order to identify significant differences regarding speaking rates, as well as acoustic, lexical and syntactical dysfluency. Results showed that the number of words only increased in the second range, before dropping in the most proficient range; likewise, mean length runs (MLRs) showed an increase from 11.2 syllables from the Group 1 to 30.2 before dropping in Group 3 to 9.7. Comparisons with the fluency of native speakers showed significant differences in regard to fluency rates and with acoustic, lexical and syntactical dysfluencies. Thus, the speaker will discuss the issue of production, in particular how audience members can be more aware of their own fluency so as to provide more meaningful, fluent and productive interactions.
Assoc. Prof. Alexander Chih-Yuan
San-Ming University, China
Alexander Chih-Yuan Mai is a British citizen originally from Taiwan. Alexander did his undergraduate study at Providence University at Taiwan. He started his postgraduate study firstly at the University at St Andrews where he did a year of postgraduate foundational course, and then he embarked his master’s degree programme at the University of Edinburgh where he read English Literature. After Alexander successfully obtained his MSc from the University Edinburgh, he continued his study at the University of Glasgow where he got his PhD, also in English Literature. As being passionate about Western music theatre and its performance practices, Alexander channeled his personal interest in opera into his academic works. His PhD thesis was therefore focused on the study of English opera libretti, where Alexander read libretto as a stand-alone piece of theatrical writing. After receiving his PhD in 2008, Alexander decided to study classical singing in order to understand opera from a different prospective. He then enrolled in Trinity College of Music, London where he studied classical singing at the postgraduate level. After Trinity College of Music, Alexander taught English at the Docklands College, London for a year. In 2012, Alexander relocated to Weimar, Germany in order to persuade a singing career. For the next five years Alexander has not only sung at some regional opera houses but also touring around Germany with Kammeroper Dresden. His major opera repertoire during this period was Mozart tenor roles. In 2017, Alexander is appointed as associate professor at the School of Foreign Languages, San-Ming University, China.
Speech Title: Opera
Llibretto: a Sacrificial Form in Literature
Abstract: The talk will be focused on the genre of libretto, the sung words for music theatre. The “little book” which accompanies every operatic performance is not just an extended program note to the spectacle, but in fact a substantial literary form in its own right. However, despite the immense influence of Wagner, the output from librettists in an operatic collaboration, has been serious ignored; indeed in opera the aesthetic function of language is frequently diminished and foreshortened, because it is often re-directed by and within the music. The result is that librettists are often seen as offering words to be “decomposed” by composers in the process of operatic collaboration.
Opera, in the English language, finally achieved its rightful status, alongside its European counterparts, during the second half of the twentieth century. The thesis is intended to encompass something of the vast diversity of this genre and discusses a number of individual works as constituting legitimate literary artefacts in their own right. The speaker intends to give a summary about the reason behind his rather unusual choice of research topic; furthermore, he will present a brief introduction of Western music theatre, its origin and social functions. Finally, the speaker will talk about operatic libretti as a literary form as it arguably encapsulates a double sacrifice in music theatre, a religious offering of the protagonist and an artistic offering of the words. To read such unique literary works, is to recognise the librettists’ contributions to an extraordinary art form, which has been bringing its audience excitement and knowledge for at least three hundred years.
Dr. Xiangdong Liu
Wester Sydney University, Australia
Xiangdong Liu is a senior lecturer at Wester Sydney University
(Australia) teaching in the areas of Japanese language,
linguistics, translation and interpreting studies. She is a
winner of a Western Sydney teaching award in 2014 and an
Australian national teaching award in 2016. She completed her BA
degree in Japanese Language at the Beijing Foreign Studies
University (China), received her MA in Japanese Studies from the
University of Tsukuba (Japan), and earned her PhD in Japanese
Linguistics from the University of Sydney (Australia). Her
current research interests are in the areas of Japanese
linguistics, pragmatics, discourse analysis, contrastive
linguistics and translation studies. Her publications include a
monograph The Discourse Functions of the Modal Auxiliaries
‘wake da’ and ‘no da’ in Japanese and many conference and
Assoc. Prof. Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah
University Putra Malaysia, Malaysia
Zaitul Azma Zainon Hamzah is a Associate Professor in the Malay Language Department, Faculty of
Modern languages and Communication, University Putra Malaysia (UPM). She holds a Certificate of
Education in Teaching Young Children, Bachelor of Education in Teaching Malay Language, Master
and Doctoral Degree in Malay Language Studies (Semantics and Pragmatics) and Diploma in
Translation. Her area of interests are Semantic and Pragmatic, Teaching Malay Language,
Contrastive linguistic and Qualitative Research in the Malay Studies.
Speech Title: Social Media Language Separates Today Generation
Abstract: The use of different forms of language by generation X and Y in oral communication and writing is
said to have separated these two generations. This has to do with the use of social media language
in today's Generation Y communication. Generation Y is said to be more interested in
communicating using text messages and WhatsApp, while X generation is more interested in using
email and letters. Similarly, Generation X shows the use of proper grammatical and spelling while
Generation Y is more likely to use simple, mixed, personal language and sometimes inaccurate in
terms of grammar and spelling.
In addition, Generation X tends to use a language that has a metaphorical element, satire and
language with a sense of humor, but Generation Y shows the use of abbreviated language in instant
messaging and in chat. Even Generation Y also likes to use language that symbolizes symbolic
activity or emoji symbol in WhatsApp space. The trend of using social media language in oral and
written communication among Y Generation has caused a gap in communication between
Generation Y and X in institutions and at workplace.
The communication gap between Generation Y and X should be dealt
with in order to bridge the communication gap, besides being
able to address the potential crisis of identity among young
people in institutions and at workplace.